The Trans Fats and Lipid Hydrogenation Dilemma
Video taken from the channel: NutritionSteps
Bad Fats: Are Trans Fats Dangerous? Thomas DeLauer
Video taken from the channel: Thomas DeLauer
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What Are Trans Fats & Why Are They Bad?
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Trans fats and partially hydrogenated oil explained
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The Deal with Fat
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The trans fats found in partially hydrogenated fats raise your LDL cholesterol levels (the bad kind) and lower your HDL cholesterol levels (the good kind) at the same time. So eating trans fats raises your risk of developing heart disease and stroke. It’s also linked to developing type 2 diabetes.Hydrogenated fats are more stable than unaltered unsaturated fats, so fat hydrogenation increases the shelf life of foods.
Unfortunately, consumption of hydrogenated fats increases heart disease risk. Since heart disease is the leading cause of death in the United States, this is a.A major health concern during the hydrogenation process is the production of trans fats. Trans fats are the result of a side reaction with the catalyst of the hydrogenation process.
This is the result of an unsaturated fat which is normally found as a cis isomer converts to a.Hydrogenated oil is bad for you because it contains a high level of hydrogenated fats, called trans fats, that increase your risk of developing heart disease and other health problems. There are some foods that also naturally contain trans fats, but these kinds of fats the biggest problem when they come from artificial and processed sources, like hydrogenated oil.
Partial hydrogenation results in trans fats, and total hydrogenation results in saturated fats—because the fat is saturated with hydrogen atoms, and can’t take any more. Companies hydrogenate their.The nutritional “bad word” every label reader should be aware of is “hydrogenated.” Zapping an unsaturated oil with high pressure hydrogen can turn the oil into saturated fat. (Hydrogen is forced into the empty parking spaces on the fat molecule.) This hydrogenation process is how vegetable oil is turned into margarine.
In full hydrogenation, the oils become completely solid. The problem with partially hydrogenated oils is that they contain trans fat, which raises LDL (“bad”) cholesterol, lowers HDL (“good”) cholesterol and has other harmful effects. In contrast, fully hydrogenated oils, in essence, become saturated fats—but they contain no trans fat.
Unsaturated fats have double bonds. Unsaturated fats can undergo a chemical reaction, a hydrogenation reaction, that changes their double bonds to single bonds. The unsaturated fat reacts with.
In combination, this increases your risk of heart disease. Trans fats are found in commercially baked items, such as crackers, cookies and cakes, as well as food that is manufactured using a hydrogenation process. Be aware that if a food has less than 0.5 g of trans fat per serving it can legally be labeled as having 0 g of trans fat.Hydrogenation is a chemical process that converts liquid vegetable oil into solid fat. Partially hydrogenated oils, such as shortening and soft margarine, are semi-soft.
The fat to be wary of though, is your transfats or unsaturated fats. While full hydrogenation produces largely saturated fatty acids, partial hydrogenation results in the transformation of unsaturated cis fatty acids to trans fatty acids in the oil mixture due to the heat used in hydrogenation.Most trans fat is formed through an industrial process that adds hydrogen to vegetable oil, which causes the oil to become solid at room temperature. This partially hydrogenated oil is less likely to spoil, so foods made with it have a longer shelf life.The hydrogenation process, however, has a huge unwanted side effect.
It leads to the development of artificial trans fats, which are a form of unsaturated fat that.In the case of hydrogenation, you’re filling that table (or fatty acid backbone) with hydrogen. When the oil is completely saturated in hydrogen atoms, it becomes saturated fat. Saturated fats are the most shelf-stable fats because hydrogen acts to solidify the fat and safeguard it against unwanted reactions with other molecules.Partially hydrogenated oil contains trans fat.
Fully hydrogenated oil and palm oils do not contain trans fat. In the past, partially hydrogenated oil was used to keep foods at a stable consistency and to preserve freshness. In peanut butter, it prevents the oils naturally found in peanuts from separating and rising to the top of the jar.
List of related literature:
|from Food Science and Technology|
|from Handbook of Food Science, Technology, and Engineering 4 Volume Set|
|from Food Chemistry|
|from Concepts in Biology’ 2007 Ed.2007 Edition|
|from Biochemistry of Foods|
|from Back to Eden: A Human Interest Story of Health and Restoration to be Found in Herb, Root, and Bark|
|from Vegetable Oils in Food Technology: Composition, Properties and Uses|
|from Physiology of Sport and Exercise|
|from Handbook of Commercial Catalysts: Heterogeneous Catalysts|
|from Discovering Nutrition|