This is a question purely about the naming of the disease. In Europe it is mostly called M. Basedow and in english speaking regions mostly Graves-Disease and I was wondering who of the two men would be more deserving of the eponym.
So, I've only read the english and german wikipedia articles on this and this is what I've gathered:
Robert James Graves was one of the first to describe the disease in 1835 (G. Flajani (1802) and Caleb Hillier Parry (1825) did so before him along with some others). Carl von Basedow described it in 1840 so he was clearly behind Graves in that regard.
But the way they described it and how they interpreted it was also different: Apparently they described the same symptoms but Graves interpreted it as a disease of the heart while Basedow interpreted it as an "imbalance of bodily fluids" (this is my translation from the german wikipedia article; he called it a dyskrasia) which, to me, sounds like a better interpretation than the one by Graves. Basedow also treated it with iodine-containing Water which gives him another plus-point.
- Graves described it 5 years earlier.
- Basedow had a more accurate interpretation and treatment
For me personally Basedow wins this one i feel like but please tell me about things I've missed or misinterpreted.
Source: Original link