Dr. Stephen Phinney ‘Optimising Weight and Health with an LCHF Diet’ Part 2
Video taken from the channel: Low Carb Down Under
JumpstartMD Full Interview with Drs. Stephen Phinney & Jeff Volek
Video taken from the channel: JumpstartMD
Dr. Stephen Phinney: Does ketosis enhance athletic performance?
Video taken from the channel: Virta Health
GSSI Pre-con Satellite: Bone Health and Athlete Nutrition
Video taken from the channel: ECSS.tv
Running The importance of fluid and salt intake Running Injury Free Revolution (RIF REV)
Video taken from the channel: Running Injury Free Revolution
How much salt do endurance athletes need?
Video taken from the channel: Matty Graham
The Most Effective Carbohydrate Intake for Endurance Athletes | Science Explained
Video taken from the channel: To Know Sport
Studies have shown that ultra-endurance athletes can lose 1-2 grams of salt per liter of sweat. If you consider that athletes may lose up to a liter (or more) of sweat each hour, you can see that over a long endurance event (12-hour race), it is not unimaginable that an athlete could sweat out a huge amount of sodium.If you’re training for over an hour, you need to replenish sodium lost in sweat. Athletes need more sodium because it is lost while sweating.
The amount of sodium excreted in sweat is large and depends on many factors, such as body mass, training level, temperature, clothing, gender, and heat/humidity acclimatization.For years, the FDA has recommended Americans take in no more than 2,300 milligrams of sodium per day. But endurance athletes can easily exceed that amount when they gulp electrolyte capsules during.Learn more about why athletes need more sodium.
Studies following football players and tennis players found sodium losses ranging from 800 to 8,500 mg.Endurance exercise is associated with significant sodium loss as a result of sweating, and this additional sodium loss needs to be replaced through the diet. As regular physical activity also reduces the risk of hypertension, sodium recommendations for endurance athletes need to be different to those for the general population.The New Rules of Hydration for Ultra Endurance Athletes.
June Some athletes like salted potatoes cut up small, while other go for peanut butter sandwiches. The higher intensity, the more protein and fat you need. Another good option is to buy a big bag of trail mix and blend it with some nut butter and whey protein to create what we call.
These athletes may need to take in additional sodium and other electrolytes during and/or after extended exercise sessions and races due to sweat sodium losses –1 gram per hour is recommended when there are heavy sweat losses (long runs/rides/races).Up to a certain point, taking in plain water is enough to mitigate sweat losses. But, as those losses start to mount up, you need to replace sodium too to avoid your blood becoming diluted. This is a potentially disastrous condition called hyponatremia, which can certainly ruin your race.
Every endurance athlete knows that sweat is salty. That’s why sports drinks contain salt (i.e. sodium). By replacing both the water and the salt you lose in sweat, sports drinks do a better job than plain water of keeping your body temperature down and your performance level up.
Sodium enhances flavor and helps prevent spoilage. Most active people consume adequate sodium, even without adding salt to their food. For example, you get sodium from bread (150 mg/slice), cheese (220 mg/oz), eggs (60 mg each), and yogurt (125 mg/8 oz). Athletes who are extreme sweaters probably need more sodium, but generally consume more, particularly if they eat fast foods.You only need to consume enough sodium to prevent sodium levels from dropping too low.
Sports drinks typically contain 20-60 milligrams of sodium per 100 milliliters. Preventing Low Sodium in Athletes. During ultra endurance events such as adventure racing and Ironman triathlons, inadequate repletion of sodium can lead to a dangerous condition known as hyponatremia.When the nutritional intake was analyzed in ultra-endurance athletes, the largest percentage was observed for CHO.
Ultra-endurance athletes consume 68% of energy intake as CHO. Ultra-endurance athletes consume more CHO (90 g·h −1) than endurance athletes (60 g·h −1) and this difference should consider body mass and training status.The inclusion of sodium within ingested fluids and/or sodium supplementation during exercise is a common practice amongst endurance athletes, and a persistent belief of essential requirement amongst the ultra-endurance population.Current dietary guidelines recommend healthy adults get 2,000 to 2,300 milligrams of sodium, with runners and endurance athletes taking more as necessary, so.
Oral sodium supplementation has been shown to assist in maintaining hydration balance during ultra-endurance events [ 39 ]. An increasing proportion of athletes develop either hypernatremia or hyponatremia in ultra-endurance events that last 6 hours or more [ 40 ].
List of related literature:
|from Practical Applications In Sports Nutrition BOOK ALONE|
|from Nancy Clark’s Sports Nutrition Guidebook|
|from Essentials of Youth Fitness|
|from Successful Coaching|
|from Practical Applications in Sports Nutrition|
|from Encyclopedia of Sports Medicine|
|from Essentials of Exercise & Sport Nutrition: Science to Practice|
|from Guyton and Hall Textbook of Medical Physiology E-Book|
|from Advanced Sports Nutrition|
|from Sports Medicine: Study Guide and Review for Boards|